Main Article Content
Gray mould disease caused by Botrytis cineria of different economically important crops, on more than 500 species of plants, with 10 to 100 billion dollars losses throughout the world. Grey mould disease is considered as a major postharvest disease of different fruits especially apple, strawberry and grapes. Fungicides are the main source of the management of the postharvest diseases. Along with fungicide different medicinal plants like Citrullus colocynthis, Calotropis procera and Capparis decidua are used an antifungal agent against different post-harvest diseases of fruits caused by Botrytis cineria. Citrullus colocynthis inhibit 77.9% growth rate at 200ppm concentration. Topes’ (100EC) fungicide inhibits growth of Botrytis cineria by 83.5% at 150ppm concentration but at 200ppm concentration growth inhibition % remain same as 150ppm concentration. During management plants extracts and systemic fungicide were used for fruits coating. CRD (Completely randomized design) was used in lab and for greenhouse experiments. For comparing the differences between the means (LSD) was used at the 5% variation. The ultimate aim of present research to increase shelf life of fruits product and reduce their postharvest loss that cause economic losses.
Doehlemann G, Berndt P, Hahn M. Different signalling pathways involving a Gα protein, cAMP and a MAP kinase control germination of Botrytis cinerea conidia. Molecul. Microbiol. 2006;59(3): 821-835.
Marisa MW. Ascorbic acid, vitamins A and mineral composition of banana (Musa sp.) and papaya, Carica Papaya cultivars grown in Hawaii. J. Food Compo. Anal. 2006;19: 434-445.
G.O.P. (government of Pakistan). Fruits, vegetables and condiments statistics of Pakistan. Ministry of Food, Agric. livestock, Islamabad; 2012.
Al-Obeed RS. Enhancing the shelf life and storage ability of flame seedless grapevine by agrochemicals preharvest foliar applications. Middle-East J. Sci. Res. 2009;8(2):319-327.
Zutkhi YA, Litcher T, Aplunow K, Lucie S. Extended Storage Redglobe grabes, in modiFied generating pads. Postharvest biol. Technol. 2001;50:2-17.
Crisosto CH, Smilanick JL, Dokoozlian NK. Table grapes suffer water loss, stem browning during cooling delays. California Agric. 2001;55(1):39-42.
Jain SK, Khurdiya DS. Vitamin C enrichment of fruit juice based ready to serve beverages through blending of Indian gooseberry (Emblica ofﬁcinalis Gaertn.) juice. Plant Foods Hum. Nutr. 2004;59(2): 63-66.
Jensen FI, Kissler J, Pea Cock W, Ieavilt G. Effect of ethphon on Color and Fruit characteristics of tokag and Enperor Table grapes, Amer. J. Vitic. 1975;26:79-81.
Michael DP. Food preservatives. Pang, X., Z. Zhang, X. Duan, Jiz. The influence of oxidizing and Reducing agents on the stability of anthocyanin in pericar of lychee Fruits. Encyclopedia Agri. Sci. 1991;2:341-345.
Kanlayanarat S. Effect of ascorbic acid and citric acid on phenolic content, pheny-lalanine ammonialyase and polyphenol oxidase of peel longkong (Aglaia dookkoo GRIFF.), Agricultural Sci. J. 2003;34(1-3): 282-284.
Jutsum AR. Commercial application of biological control, status and prospects. Philos.Trans. R. Soc. London B. 1988;318: 357-373.
Ragsdale NN, Sisler HD. Social and political implications of managing plant diseases with decreased availability of fungicides in the United States. Annu. Rev. Phytopathol. 1994;32:545-557.
Sánchez-Torres P, Tuset JJ. Molecular insights into fungicide resistance in sensitive and resistant Penicillium digitatum strains infecting citrus. Postharvest Biology and Technology. 2011;59(2):159-165.
Shahidi F, Naezk M. Phenolics in food and nutraceuticals: Sources, application and health effect. CRC, Boca Raton; 2004.
Ayoub M, Niazi AU. Control of wheat rust by leaves extract of poisonous phanergamic plants. J. Bio Sci. 2012;1:490-491.
Pane C, Spaccini R, Piccolo A, Scala F, Bonanomi G. Compost amendments enhance peat suppressiveness to Pythium ultimum, Rhizoctonia solani and Sclerotinia minor. Biological Control. 2011;56:115-124.
El-Gammal NG, El-Mougy NS. Safe, easy and application method for controlling lime fruits postharvest diseases. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci. 2002;17(1):27-44.
Gurudeeban S, Ramanathan T, Satyavani K, Dhinesh T. Antimicrobial effect of coastal medicinal plant Citrullus colocynthis against pathogenic microorganisms. Afr J Pure Appl Chem. 2011;5(5):119-22.
Da Cruz Cabral L, Fernandez Pinto V, Patriarca A. Application of plant derived compounds to control fungal spoliage and mycotoxin production in foods. Int. J. Food Microbiol. 2013;166:1-14.
Singh HNP, Prasad MM, Sinha KK. Evaluation of medicinal plant extracts against banana rot. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 1993;72:163-164.
Du Plooy W, Regnier T, Combrinck S. Essential oil amended coatings as alternatives to synthetic fungicides in citrus postharvest management. Postharvest Biol. Technol. 2009;53:117-122.
Rana BK, Taneja V, Singh UP. Antifungal activity of an aqueous extract of leaves of garlic creeper (Adenocalymnaalliaceum Miers.). Pharm. Biol. 1999;37:13-16.
yunis H, Elad Y, Mahrer Y. Effect of air temperature relative humidity and canopy wetness of gray mold of cucumbers in unheated greenhouse. Phytoparasitica. 1990; 18:203-215.
Abdalrahman AAA, Eltigani S, Yagi S. Biological activity of extracts from Capparis decidua L. twigs. J. Med. Plant. Res. 2016;10(1):1-7.
Tlili N, Elfalleh W, Saddaoui E, Khaldi A, Triki S, Nasri N. The caper (Capparis L.), ethnopharmacology, phytochemical and pharmacological properties. Filoterapia. 2011;82:93-101.
Tripathi YC, Singh S, Anjum N, Srivastava KK. Antifungal activity of Capparis decidua extracts against seed borne pathogenic fungi. World J. Pharma. Pharma. Sci. 2015;4(10):1500-1512.