ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE LAKE CHAD BASIN

Main Article Content

BENJAMIN ISAH
SOLOMON WASH BITRUS

Abstract

Lake Chad Basin is one of the most important basin in the Sub-Saharan Africa due to its economic potentialities. But the basin has suffered a lot of setback due to both human and climatic factors. The basin was depleted to about 90% of its original size. The basin as also faced with the problem of insecurity which has contributed immensely to the economic activities of the area. This study centered on the economic development and security challenges of the Lake Chad Basin. The paper stressed that due to insecurity caused by conflict (Boko Haram activities), climate and environmental factors which have their remote causes from socio-political and economic factors: economic activities were halted, no investors are willing to invest in the region and this has tempered with the economic development of the area. The paper adopted social identity theory to explain the major cause of insecurity in the Lake Chad basin. It further conceptualized the basic concepts in the paper. And finally it provided some ways in which insecurity could be managed so as to enhance economic development of the Lake Chad Basin.

Keywords:
Economic development, security, insecurity and security challenges.

Article Details

How to Cite
ISAH, B., & BITRUS, S. W. (2021). ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND SECURITY CHALLENGES IN THE LAKE CHAD BASIN. Journal of Global Research in Education and Social Science, 15(1), 16-23. Retrieved from https://ikpresse.com/index.php/JOGRESS/article/view/6007
Section
Original Research Article

References

Challenges of the Lake Chad Basin, Vision. 2025;1. (n.d.). 1–12.

Rudincová K. Desiccation of lake chad as a cause of security instability in the Sahel region. 2017;11(2):112–120.
Available:https://doi.org/10.1515/geosc-2017-0009

Hagmann T. Confronting the concept of environmentally induced conflict. Peace, Conflict and Development no. 6 (January); 2005.
Accessed 10. 2. 2016
Available:http://www.bradford.ac.uk/social-sciences/peace-conflict-and-development/issue-6/Environmental- conflict-final-version-edited.pdf. Homer-Dixon

Homer-Dixon TF, Deligiannis T. Environmental scarcities and civil violence. In: Günter Brauch H et al. (eds) Facing Global Environmental Change Environmental, Human, Energy, Food, Health and Water Security Concepts. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. 2009;309−323. Loimeier

Maiangwa B. West Africa’s terrorist challenge and the dynamics of regional response. Insight on Africa. 2013;5(1): 1–18.
Accessed 25. 2. 2016
Available:http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0975087813515979

Onuoha F. Environmental degradation, livelihood and conflicts: A focus on the implications of the diminishing water resources of Lake Chad for North-Eastern Nigeria. African Journal on Conflict Resolution. 2008;8(2):35−62.

Loimeier R. Boko Haram: The development of a militant religious movement in Nigeria. Africa Spectrum. 2012;47(2-3):137–155.
Accessed 20.12.2015
Available:http://journals.sub.uni-hamburg.de/giga/afsp/article/ view/555/553. Lonergan

Sen A. Development as Freedom. New York: Alfred and Knopf, INC; 1999.

Within and Beyond Borders: Tracking Displacement in the Lake Chad Basin: Regional Displacement and Human Mobility Analysis Displacement Tracking Matrix March 2019. Dakar, Senegal; 2019.

Adesoji A. The boko haram uprising and islamic revivalism in Nigeria. Africa Spectrum. 2010;45(2):95–108.

Adesoji A. Between maitatsine and boko haram: Islamic fundamentalism and the response of the Nigerian State. Africa Today. 2011;57(4):98–119.

Agbiboa DE. No retreat, no surrender: Understanding the religious terrorism of boko haram in Nigeria. African Study Monograph. 2013a;34(2):65–84.

Barnett J, Adger WN. Climate change, human security, and violent conflict. Political Geography. 2007;26(6):639–655. Baxter

Agbiboa DE. Why Boko Haram Exists: The relative deprivation perspective. African Conflict & Peacebuilding Review. 2013;3(1): 144–157. Barnett

Nafziger EW. Economic development, Fouth Ed. New York: Cambridge University Press. Resilience for Sustainable Development Niger Chad Nigeria Cameroon Background Paper on Resilience for Sustainable Development in the Lake Chad Basin Drafted by UNDP and OCHA on. (2018); 2006.
Available:www.undp.org

Anekwe R. Security challenges and the implications for business activities in Nigeria: A critical review. Journal of Policy and Development Studies; 2018.
Available:www.arabianjbmr.com/JPDS_index.php

UNDP. Resilience For Sustainable Development Niger Chad Nigeria Cameroon Background paper on Resilience for Sustainable Development in the Lake Chad Basin Drafted by UNDP and OCHA on 2018.
Available:www.undp.org

Barnett J, Adger WN. Climate change, human security, and violent conflict. Political Geography. 2007;26(6):639–655. Baxter

Cook C, Bakker K (2012) Water security: Debating an emerging paradigm. Global Environmental Change 22: 94−102

Okpara UT, Stringer LC, Dougill AJ, Bila MD. Conflicts about water in Lake Chad: Are environmental, vulnerability and security issues linked? Progress in Development Studies. 2015;15(4):308–325.