Impact of Masks Made by Additive Manufacturing during the Period of the Global COVID-19 Pandemic
Journal of Global Ecology and Environment,
3D printing technology made numerous contributions to the healthcare sector during the recent coronavirus 2019 pandemic (COVID-19). This review discusses some of these contributions of 3D printing that helped protect multiple lives during this health emergency and lists some of the key benefits of using 3D printing technology during an emergency over other traditional methods. This research confirms that 3D printing is very useful in times of severe supply shortages and excess demand. This review recognizes the collaborative approaches of individuals, entrepreneurs, academics, and companies that have helped form a global network to deliver 3D printed medical and nonmedical components, making additive manufacturing (3D printing) a representative alternative to produce ergonomic, cost-effective products and sustainable masks that reduce their environmental impact.
- additive manufacturing
- environmental impact
How to Cite
Reyes-Morales H, Dreser-Mansilla A, Arredondo-López A, Bautista-Arredondo S, Ávila-Burgos L. Analysis and reflections on the 2019 initiative that reforms Mexico’s Ley General de Salud. Salud Publica Mex. 2019;61(5):685–91. DOI: 10.21149/10894
Chua MH, Cheng W, Goh SS, Kong J, Li B, Lim JYC, et al. Face masks in the new covid-19 normal: materials, testing, and perspectives. Research. 2020 Aug 7;2020:1–40. DOI: 10.34133/2020/7286735
Munusamy T, Karuppiah R, Bahuri NFA, Sockalingam S, Cham CY, Waran V. Telemedicine via smart glasses in critical care of the neurosurgical patient—COVID-19 pandemic preparedness and response in neurosurgery. World Neurosurg. 2021 Jan 1;145:e53–60. DOI: 10.1016/j.wneu.2020.09.076
Bhuiyan MR, Khushbu SA, Islam MS. A deep learning based assistive system to classify COVID-19 face mask for human safety with YOLOv3; a deep learning based assistive system to classify COVID-19 face mask for human safety with YOLOv3. 2020 11th International Conference on Computing, Communication and Networking Technologies (ICCCNT); 2020.
Singh S, Prakash C, Ramakrishna S. Three-dimensional printing in the fight against novel virus COVID-19: Technology helping society during an infectious disease pandemic. Technol Soc. 2020 Aug 1;62. DOI: 10.1016/j.techsoc.2020.101305
Kumar KPA, Pumera M. 3D-Printing to Mitigate COVID-19 Pandemic. Adv Funct Mater. 2021 May 1;31(22). DOI: 10.1002/adfm.202100450
Rowan NJ, Moral RA. Disposable face masks and reusable face coverings as non-pharmaceutical interventions (NPIs) to prevent transmission of SARS-CoV-2 variants that cause coronavirus disease (COVID-19): Role of new sustainable NPI design innovations and predictive mathematical modelling. Vol. 772, Science of the Total Environment. Elsevier B.V.; 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.145530
Rahman MZ, Hoque ME, Alam MR, Rouf MA, Khan SI, Xu H, et al. Face masks to combat coronavirus (COVID-19)—processing, roles, requirements, efficacy, risk and sustainability. Polymers. MDPI. 2022;14. DOI: 10.3390/polym14071296
O’Dowd K, Nair KM, Forouzandeh P, Mathew S, Grant J, Moran R, et al. Face masks and respirators in the fight against the COVID-19 pandemic: A review of current materials, advances and future perspectives. Vol. 13, Materials. MDPI AG; 2020. DOI: 10.3390/ma13153363
Aydin O, Emon B, Cheng S, Hong L, Chamorro LP, Saif MTA. Performance of fabrics for home-made masks against the spread of COVID-19 through droplets: A quantitative mechanistic study. Extreme Mech Lett. 2020 Oct 1;40. DOI: 10.1016/j.eml.2020.100924
Dharmaraj S, Ashokkumar V, Hariharan S, Manibharathi A, Show PL, Chong CT, et al. The COVID-19 pandemic face mask waste: A blooming threat to the marine environment. Vol. 272, Chemosphere. Elsevier Ltd; 2021. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2021.129601
Torres FG, De-la-Torre GE. Face mask waste generation and management during the COVID-19 pandemic: An overview and the Peruvian case. Science of the Total Environment. 2021 Sep 10;786. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.147628
Yan Y, Bayham J, Fenichel EP, Richter A, Fenichel E. Title: Do face masks create a false sense of security? A COVID-19 dilemma. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.05.23.20111302
Zechel S, Schubert US, Wang Z, Xu Y, Liu R, Zhu X. The 3D-printing-accelerated design for a biodegradable respirator from tree leaves (TRespirator); 2022.
Spake CSL, Carruthers TN, Crozier JW, Kalliainen LK, Bhatt RA, Schmidt ST, et al. 3D printed N-95 masks during the COVID-19 pandemic: Lessons learned. Ann Biomed Eng. 2021 Dec 1;49(12):3666–75. DOI: 10.1007/s10439-021-02859-z
Roschli A, Wang P, Hershey C, Post B, Lindahl J, Love L. Distributed manufacturing: A case study in additive manufacturing face masks for the COVID-19 pandemic. Additive Manufacturing Letters. 2021 Dec;1:100012. DOI: 10.1016/j.addlet.2021.100012
Hervás-Gómez C, Román Graván P, Domínguez-González MÁ, Reina Parrado M. Diseño e impresión en 3d de protectores de pantallas faciales por docentes universitarios para proteger al personal sanitario ante el Covid-19. IJERI: International Journal of Educational Research and Innovation. 2020;(15):35–56.
Alorda B, Reyes J, González Cid Y, Roca P, José Reyes C. Proyecto para la autofabricación de mascarillas con filtros bioactivos y tecnología de impresión 3D para la lucha contra la COVID en Baleares in the Balearic Islands. Medicina Balear [homepage on the Internet]. 2020;35(4):78–81. Available:https://mask3d4all.uib.cat/
Pierpaoli M, Giosuè C, Czerwińska N, et al. Characterization and filtration efficiency of sustainable PLA fibers obtained via a hybrid 3D-printed/electrospinning technique. Materials. 2021;14(22).
Peng Y, Wu P, Schartup AT, Zhang Y. Plastic waste release caused by COVID-19 and its fate in the global ocean. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.2111530118
Chowdhury H, Chowdhury T, Sait SM. Estimating marine plastic pollution from COVID-19 face masks in coastal regions. Mar Pollut Bull. 2021;168.
Hou EJ, Hsieh YY, Hsu TW, et al. Using the concept of circular economy to reduce the environmental impact of COVID-19 face mask waste. Sustainable Materials and Technologies. 2022;33.
Rossettie S, Perry C, Pourghaed M, Zumwalt M. Effectiveness of manufactured surgical masks, respirators, and home-made masks in prevention of respiratory infection due to airborne microorganisms. The Southwest Respiratory and Critical Care Chronicles. 2020;8(34):11–26.
Selvaranjan K, Navaratnam S, Rajeev P, Ravintherakumaran N. Environmental challenges induced by extensive use of face masks during COVID-19: A review and potential solutions. Environmental Challenges. 2021;3.
Karagkouni O. The effects of the use of protective face mask on the voice and its relation to self-perceived voice changes. Journal of Voice; 2021.
Spennemann DHR. Covid face masks: Policy shift results in increased littering. Sustainability (Switzerland). 2021;13(17).
Thi HT do, Mizsey P, Toth AJ. Applicability of membranes in protective face masks and comparison of reusable and disposable face masks with life cycle assessment. Sustainability (Switzerland). 2021;13(22).
Shen M, Zhang Y, Zhu Y, et al. Recent advances in toxicological research of nanoplastics in the environment: A review. Environmental Pollution. 2019;252:511–521.
Martinez Marcelo V, Alemán Martha Hilaria B, Taboada Luis Humberto R, López Moisés M, Castillo Vicente M. Reingeniería de mascarillas alternativas al cubrebocas K-N95.
Khan MH, Yadav H. Sanitization during and after COVID-19 pandemic: A short review. Transactions of the Indian National Academy of Engineering. 2020;5(4):617–627.
Celina MC, Martinez E, Omana MA, et al. Extended use of face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic - Thermal conditioning and spray-on surface disinfection. Polym Degrad Stab. 2020;179.
Thomas CN, Schroder LK, Cole PA. Ten Days to Implementation of 3D-Printed Masks for a Level-I Orthopaedic Trauma Practice During the COVID-19 Pandemic. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020;102(16):e95.
Imbrie-Moore AM, Park MH, Zhu Y, Paulsen MJ, Wang H, Joseph Woo Y. Quadrupling the n95 supply during the covid-19 crisis with an innovative 3d-printed mask adaptor. Healthcare (Switzerland). 2020;8(3).
Abstract View: 99 times
PDF Download: 6 times