DEVELOPING A BIODEGRADABLE PACKAGING MATERIAL USING BANANA PEEL-BASED PLASTIC
Journal of Basic and Applied Research International,
Single-use plastics in packaging and service ware contribute the most to plastic pollution which leads to global accumulation of non-degradable wastes. A promising solution to this issue should be favorably banana plastic, a lightweight, durable, and biodegradable alternative to high-density polyethylene (HDPE) and polystyrene plastic. In this study, the application of banana plastic as a packaging material was examined with modifications to the synthesis process for further efficiency and industrial viability.
Banana plastic was synthesized by grinding banana peels and using the chemical processes of acidification for HCl hydrolysis, glycerin plasticization, and NaOH neutralization, followed by a 72 hour dry and modified heat treatment at 65°C in a dehumidifier. Sodium metabisulfite was used to control the degree of biodegradability of the banana plastic. Using Onshape and Flashforge 3D printing software, the optimal packaging mold with the least shrinkage and maximum printing efficiency was created and used for producing the packaging materials.
Data suggested that a concentration of 0.1 M Na2S2O5 created the sustainable and durable packing materials. A percent weight decrease of 64.95% was recorded over 12 weeks in degradability monitoring at a 37°C incubator, demonstrating the compostable characters of the banana plastic. Because of the bioplastic’s unique chemical and physical qualities, banana plastic created with a concentration of 0.1 M Na2S2O5 could be a sustainable alternative to industrial packing materials.
- Banana plastics
- chemical properties
- materials science
How to Cite
Deeneshwaran S. Manimaran, Kavin raj Nadaraja, John Peter Vellu, Vinoth Francisco, Kalaiarasen Kanesen, Zambri Bin Yusoff, Production of biodegradable plastic from banana peel Journal of Petrochemical Engineering. 2016;1(1).
Chandarana J, Chandra S. Production of Bioplastics from banana peels. Int J Sci Res Eng Trends. 2021;7(1).
Yaradoddi J, Patil V, Ganachari S, Banapurmath N, Hunashyal A, Shettar A. Biodegradable plastic production from fruit waste material and its sustainable use for green applications. Int J Pharm Res Allied Sci. 2016;5(4).
Ghamande M, Kulkarni A, Shah N, Kothari S, Bhosale S. Bio Plastics (Generating plastic from banana peels), International Conference on New Frontiers of Engineering, Management, Social Science and Humanities. 2018;1-4.
Marine plastic pollution. IUCN; 2021.
Plastics and the environment Geneva Environment Network.
Beevi RK, Sameera Fathima, AR, Thahira Fathima AI, Thameemunisa N, N-oorjahan CM, Doopika T, Bioplastic synthesis using banana peels and potato starch and characterization. Int J Sci Technol Res. 2020;9(1).
Mukhopadhyay R, Sree KD, Saneeha R, Kale P, Iram U. Preparation and characterization of biodegradable plastics out of food wastes as prospective and eco-friendly medical devices. Int J Res Appl Sci Eng Technol. 2017;5(12).
Rojas L. 16-year-old inventor proves banana peels could be the future of plastic; Plaid zebra; 2014.
Hikal WM, Said-Al Ahl HAH, Bratovcic A, Tkachenko KG, Sharifi-Rad J, Kačániová M et al. Banana Peels: A waste treasure for human being. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2022;2022:7616452.
Mesina RC T, Vida RE L, Pamanian RN C. Enhancing durability of banana peel bio-plastic using acacis (Samanea saman) seed extract. Ascendens Asia J Multidiscip Res Admin. 2019;3(20).
Taweechat C, Wongsooka T, Rawdkuen S. Properties of Banana (Cavendish spp.) starch Film Incorporated with Banana Peel Extract and Its Application. Molecules. 2021;26(5): 1406.
Yusoff B, Zamri. Production of biodegradable plastic from banana peel. Journal of Petrochemical Engineering Department. 2016;1:1-7.
Chandarana J, Chandra S. Production of Bioplastics from banana peels; 2021.
Taodharos S. Banana peels based bio-plastic. J Zenodo. 2018.
European Pharmacopoeia 9.0; 2017. Sodium metabisulfite.
Sauter HB. Instruction manual analogue shore hardness tester. Version 1.3; 2017.
Moshood TD, Nawanir G, Mahmud F, Mohamad F, Ahmad MH, AbdulGhani A. Sustainability of biodegradable plastics: new problem or solution to solve the global plastic pollution? Curr Res Green Sustain Chem. 2022;5.
Yaradoddi, Jayachandra & Patil, Vinay & Ganachari, Dr. Sharanabasava & Banapurmath, Nagaraj & Hunashyal, A.M. & Shettar, Ashok. Biodegradable plastic production from fruit waste material for green applications. Int J Pharm Res Allied Sci. 2016;2016:56-66.
Alzate Acevedo S, Díaz Carrillo ÁJ, Flórez-López E, Grande-Tovar CD. Recovery of banana waste-loss from production and processing: A contribution to a circular economy. Molecules. 2021;26(17):5282.
ECHA. Guid Labelling Pack Accordance Regul (EC). No 1272; 2008. Version 4.2; 2021.
Available from: https://echa.europa.eu/documents/10162/2324906/clp_labelling_en.pdf.
Chodijah S, Husaini A, Zaman M, Hilwatulisan . Extraction of pectin from banana peels (Musa paradiasica Forma typica) for biodegradable plastic films. J Phys Conf Ser. 2019;1167: 012061.
Andrady AL, Neal MA. Applications and societal benefits of plastics. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2009;364(1526):1977-84.
Abstract View: 59 times
PDF Download: 4 times