Main Article Content
The study investigated the nutritional knowledge of pregnant women in Ahoada East Local Government Area of Rivers State. Four research questions and hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. A descriptive cross sectional survey design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was 1380 and a sample size of 400 was used. The instrument for eliciting data was an adapted questionnaire. The reliability index of 0.76 was obtained using PPMCC. Data collected was analyzed using Statistical Product for Service Solution version 23.0.There was a significant difference in the influence of age on nutritional knowledge among pregnant women in Ahoada Local Government Area of Rivers State (df=2, F=7.704, p<.05). There was also a significance influence of socio-economic status on nutritional knowledge among pregnant women in Ahoada East Local Government Area of Rivers State (df=3, F=5.430, p<.05). There was a significance influence of education on nutritional knowledge among pregnant women (df=3, F=25.279, p<.05). There was a significance difference on religious affiliation and nutritional knowledge of pregnant mothers (df=3, F=2.993, p<.05). Conclusively Educational level, age and socio-economic status influenced the knowledge of nutrition among pregnant mothers. Based on these results some recommendations were made such as: Health educators and nutritionists should be invited to give health talks to pregnant women during antenatal clinic emphasizing on the importance of good nutritional practices. Pregnant mothers should be advised by the health personnel to follow a dietary regimen putting into consideration adequate nutrients suitable for consumption.
Sakhile KS, Masuku, Shu-Jan JL. Nutritional Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Pregnant and Lactating Women Living with HIV in the Manzini Region of Swaziland; 2019.
Health Popul Nutr. 2014;32(2):261–269.
Qianling Z, Katherine M, Younger, John MK. On an exploration of the Knowledge and attitudes towards breastfeeding among a sample Chinese mothers in Ireland. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:Article number: 722.
Ababa A, Zelalem, Mulualem E, Mamaru A, Solomon S. Effect of nutrition education on pregnancy specific nutrition knowledge and healthy dietary practice among pregnant women in Addis and RobelYirgu. Clinics in Mother and Child Health. 2019; 15(10).
Brown JE. Nutrition now. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press; 2009.
Lim ZX, Wong JL, Lim PY, Soon LK. knowledge of nutrition during Pregnancy and Associated factors among antenatal mothers. International Journal of Public Health and Clinical Sciences e-ISSN: 2289-7577. 2018;5(1).
Danatelle RJ, Davis LG. Health: The Basics. Boston. Allyn and Bacon; 2010.
Danjuma AA. Studies on Protein Energy malnutrition among pre- School children in Kebbi State. Doctoral dissertation, ABU, Zaria University. 2000,1990;10:2-32.
Dowshen N, Meadows R, Byrnes M, Hawkins L, Eder J, Noonan K. Policy Perspective: Ensuring Comprehensive Care and Support for Gender Nonconforming Children and Adolescents; 2016.
Ogunjuyigbe PO. Sexual and Socio-Economic Empowerment of Women: Implication on population goals in Nigeria. Journal of Anthropological and Sociological Association of Nigeria. 2000; 165-173.
Makinde MA. Nutritional problems facing the Nigerian child. Journal of Nigerian Institute of Food Service and Technology. 2008;5.
Derek J. Every Woman: A Gynecological Guide for life 2nded London, Feber and Feber; 2000.
Haas EM. Staying Healthy with Nutrition; 2008. Retrieved September 20, 2009.
Nandita P, Donald C, Hermann Z , Kirimi S , Cornelia L, Jan Low, Mary O. Health and Nutrition knowledge, attitudes and practices of pregnant women attending and not-attending ANC. Clinics in Western Kenya; 2016.
Perumal, et al. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 2013;13:146.
Paul J, Baker H, Cochran J. Effect of online social networking on student academic performance Computer. Human Behaviour. 2012;2:2117-2127.
Adepoju AB, Coker OJ, OA Adetula, O. A., Effects of processing methods on the proximate and physicochemical properties of flour and oil of cashew nut. 87-90
Heshmat R, Abdollahi Z, Ghotbabadi FS, Rostami M, Shafiee G, Qorbani M, Rezaei Homami M, Larijani B, Salehi F. Nutritional knowledge, attitude and practice toward micronutrients among Iranian households: the NUTRI-KAP survey. Journal of Diabetes Metabolic Disorder 2016 Oct 4;15:42.
Piotr K, Joanna K, Monika K. The nutritional knowledge of pregnantwomen. Pol JPublic Health. 2014;124(4): 191-194.
Ramakrishnan U. Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy does not lead to Greater infant birth size than does iron only supplementation. American Journal of clinical Nutrition. 2003;77:720.
Irene C., &Arianna L. The importance of maternal nutrition for health. Journal of Pediatric and Neonatal Individualized Medicine; 2015.
Richards C. Pregnancy and Birth Book: A Guide Handbook for Expectant mother, Lagos: Ifeanyi Obila (Nig) Limited; 1987.
Sue. A qualitative exploration of rural feeding and weaning practices Knowledge and attitudes on Nutrition. Public Health Nutrition. 2020;6:25.
Salim F. Nutritional Status and Knowledge about Nutrition Pregnancy among Pregnant and Postpartum Women. Northern International Medical College Journal. 2015; 6(2).
Akinlo A, Idemudia ES, Ogunjuyigbe PO, Solanke LB. Women's empowerment status and exposure to maternal mortality risks in Nigeria. Gender and Behaviour. 2016;14(1).
Ojo OA, Briggs EB. A Textbook for Midwives in the Tropics. (2nd ed.). Nigeria, Ibadan: Bounty Press Ltd; 2010.
Williams RD. Healthy Pregnancy Healthy Baby: Exercise, Good food and parental care are the keys; 2007.
Achieved September 20, 2008 at mcjm/ email.htm>FDA consumer.
Xiyao L, Haoyue C, Qianling Z , Huifeng Z, Phensiri A, John KK. Attitude and Practices (KAP) towards Diet and Health among International Students in Dublin. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health; 2020.
Ugwa E. A. Nutritional Practices and Taboos among Pregnant women Attending Antenatal Care at General Hospital in Kano, Northwest Nigeria. Anals of Medicals and Health Sciences Research. 2020;5:34.
Ülger T.G, Akçalı Ç. Yardımcı H. Evaluation of Nutrition Education during Pregnancy and Nutritional Knowledge of Pregnant Women. Faculty of Health Sciences, Ankara University.
Uzosike T, Okeafor, Mezie-Okoye M. On Nutritional status and Academic performance of Pupils in public primary schools in Port Harcourt Metropolis. Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care. 2020;32(2):42-56.
Levac, D., Colquhoun, H. & O'Brien, K.K. Scoping studies: advancing the methodology. Implementation Sci. 2010;569.
Kankana D. Influence of Socio-Economic Status on the Nutritional Status of Rural Adolescent Girls. Anthropology. 2016;4(3).
Sue Y, Jiang X, Li Y, Li F, Cheng Y, Peng Y, et al. Maternal low protein is caloric diet Suppresses pancreatic β-cell proliferation in mouse offspring via mir15b. Endocrinology. 2016;157(12):4782–4793.
Summerbell C, Gazzar I, Catalan P. The nutritionknowledge, Attitudes and beliefs and practices of male HIV positive homosexual. Int Conf. AIDS. (abstract no. W.D. 4109) London. Westminster Hospital, 2010J;7–440.
Assessed September 24, 2004, From International AIDS Society.
Taylor D. J. Pregnancy alcohol consumption and material: Medicine Review. 2003;5:121–135.
Tona ZD, Gezahegn NK, Amanuel ND, Abinet A. Effect of Nutrition Education Based on Health Belief Model on Nutritional Knowledge and Dietary Practice of Pregnant Women in Dessie Town, Northeast Ethiopia. Hindawi Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism. 2018;8:10.
Okunaiya G, Fadupin G, Oladeji D. Department of Human Nutrition Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Maternal and Child Food-Based Dietary Guidelines among Pregnant Women in Urban Slum of Lagos State. Clinics in Mother and Child Health; 2016.
Mata R, Frey R, Richter D, Schupp J, Hertwig R. 2018. Risk preference: a view from psychology. Journal of Economics Perspectives. 32, 155–172. Doi. 10.1257
Sanyogita S, Deepti SS. Knowledge, attitude, practice and determining factors regarding nutrition during pregnancy among females of rural Punjab. International Journal of community medicine and public health. 2019; 7(6).
Doi. 10. 18203.
Oni T. Oni, W. Smit R, Matzopoulos, R. Urban health research in Africa: Themes and priority research questionsJournal of Urban Health. 2016;93(4:722-730, 10.1007
Wong V, Baker S, Connor T. et al. An extended genotyping framework for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the cause of human typhoid. Nature Communication 7, 12827 2016.
Wong V, Baker S, Connor T. et al. An extended genotyping framework for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the cause of human typhoid. Nature Communication. 2016;7:12827.
Beser OF, Cokugras FC, Erkan T, Kutlu T, Yagci RV. TUHAMAR Study Group. Evaluation of malnutrition development risk in hospitalized children. Nutrition. 48:40-47.
Abebe F, Bekele D. Epidemiology of malnutrition among pregnant womenand associated factors in Central Refit Valley of Ethiopia. Department of Public Health, College of Health Science and Technology; 2016.
Liu H, Xu X., Liu D, Rao Y, Reis C, Sharma M, Yuan J, Chen Y, Zhao Y. Nutrition-Related Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) among Kindergarten Teachers in Chongqing, China: A Cross-Sectional Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research in Public Health. 2018;15:615.
Lane M, Barrett E, O'Higgins A, Mullaney L, Turner M, McCartney D. The relationship between socioeconomic status and nutritional knowledge in women during pregnancy. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society. 2013; 72(OCE3), E162.
Mulualem D, Henry C, Berhanu G, et al. The effectiveness of the Health Belief Model in child feeding practices in use of grain legumes for complementary feeding in Wolayita, Southern Ethiopia. Ecol Food Nutr. 2016; 55(3):308–23.
Zelalem T, Mikyas A, Erdaw T. Nutritional knowledge, attitude and practices among pregnant women who attend antenatal care at public hospitals of Addis Ababa, International Journal of Nursing and Midwifery. 2018; 10(7):81-89.
Dolatkhah, N., Aghamohammadi, D., Farshbaf-Khalili, A. Nutrition knowledge and attitude in medical students of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2017–2018. BMC Research Notes. 2019;12:757.
Available : https://doi.org/10.1186
Fatemeh SH. The Effect of Education on Nutrition Knowledge and Function of Pregnant Women in Hamadan Health Centers. Science Journal of Hamadan Nursing and Midwifery factory. 2018;26(3). 183-190.