Main Article Content



The roles of instructional materials or resources in the actualization of the objectives of basic science teaching and the enhancement of students’ academic achievement were a conundrum with different degrees of assertion. The study therefore was raised to evaluate the roles of teaching and learning materials or resources on the academic achievement of students in basic science whether applying them may contribute to students’ achievement positively or negatively. The scope of the study therefore, was on the students and teachers in the junior secondary schools in Rivers State. A sample size of two hundred students was randomly selected from the population. As a survey study, a validated self-developed instrument with a correlation coefficient of 0.81 was used to generate data for analysis. Guided with four research questions, analysis of the data was done through the descriptive statistic (the mean and standard deviation). The results showed that teaching materials or resources were useful to the actualization and achievements of students in basic science; they also help in the skills development of teachers as well as the students. Promote the sustenance of students’ interest in the subject. Help to bridge abstract and concrete things and promote retention in students as well as helping to save the teachers’ time. 

Evaluation, teaching, learning materials, resources, academic achievement, basic science, secondary school

Article Details

How to Cite
BALAFAMA, G., & AYIBATONYE, J. E. (2021). EVALUATION OF THE ROLES OF TEACHING RESOURCES ON THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF BASIC SCIENCE STUDENTS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. Journal of Basic and Applied Research International, 27(4), 1-10. Retrieved from https://ikpresse.com/index.php/JOBARI/article/view/6508
Original Research Article


Joseph EA. Influence of teachers background, training and attitude on basic science students interest and achievement in secondary schools in Rivers State. Unpublished, Thesis, Delta State University, Abraka; 2019.

Joseph EA, Ihenko S. Teachers’ scientific literacy: Contributions to students’ academic achievement and scientific literacy in secondary schools in Rivers State. International Journal of Research in Medical and Basic Sciences. 2018;4(11): 71-8.

Ogunride A. Educational technology programmed learning and instruction. Scientific theories of learning and instruction. (Ed). E.R. Hilord Chicago. University of Chicago National Society for the Study of Education; 1993.

Joseph EA, Owo WJ. Parents versus students’ attitudes: Dynamics and implications for students’ academic achievement in Basic Science. International Research Journal of Human Resource and Social Sciences. 2018;5(8):83-95.

Achounye kA. Contemporary educational technology. Port Harcourt, Parl Publishers; 2004.

Wobodo GN. Evaluation of the causes of poor academic performance of students in integrated science in secondary schools in Ikwerre Local Government Area of Rivers State.An unpublished research project. University of education Portharcourt; 2010.

Vikoo B. Learning theories and instructional processes. Port Harcourt: Springfield Publishers; 2003.

Kolawole, Oginni. learning in a digital age. Insight into the issues, milken exchange on educational technology. Santa Monica, California; 2009.

Egwu SO. Contextual framework of Adult Education for Nigerian schools. Erudite Globel publisher Nigeria LTD; 2008.

Isola OM. Effects of standardized and improvised instructional materials students’ Academic Achievements in Secondary School Physics. M. Ed Thesis, University of Ibadan, Ibadan; 2010.

Agina-Obu TN. The relevance of instructional materials in teaching and learning in Robert-Okah. I &Uzoeshi, K.C. (Ed). Theories and Practice of Teaching, Port Harcourt: Harey Publication; 2005.

Oladejo MA, Olosunde GR, Ojebisis AO, Isola OM. Instructional materials and students. Academic achievement in physics. Some policy implication. European Journal of Humanities and Social Science. 2011;2(1):112-122.

Abdulahi S. The effect of instructional materials on students’ performance: Zaria: Jork Publishers; 2008.

Adewale JS. Reading in secondary schools. Enugu: New Concept Publishers; 2011.

Emezie C. Effective teaching and learning in secondary schools. Annual Conference Organized by Curriculum Development and Instructional Materials; 2010.

Ogbu JE. Influences of inadequate instructional materials and facilities in teaching and learning of electrical/electronic technology education courses. Department of Technology and Votech, Ebonyi State University; 2006.

Ekereuku A. Impact of Teaching And Learning Materials on Students’ Academic Achievement In Basic Science In Secondary Schools In Rivers State. Unpublished project. Rivers State University of Education, Port Harcourt; 2016.

Kofar. defines teaching resources or materials as veritable channels in the classroom. The impact of instructional materials in teaching and learning in secondary Schools in Onicha Local Government Area of Ebonyi State; 1999.

Adekeye RB. Social studies curriculum, lecture materials on SSE 402 Unpublished; 2008.

Frazer BJ, Okebukola PAO, Jegede OJ. Assessments of the Learning Environment of Nigerian Science Laboratory Classes. J. Sciences. Teacher Assoc. Nig. 1992;27.

Obioha NE. STAN Physics for Senior Schools. Heinemann Educational Book publishers, Nigeria; 2006.

Ogunleye BO. Towards the Optimal Utilization and Management of Resources for the Effective Teaching and Learning of Physics in Schools. Proceedings of the 41st Annual Conference of the Science Teachers’ Association of Nigeria, (STAN’00), University of Lagos, Nigeria. 2002;215-220.

Isiola, Moronfola B. Effects of Instruction Resources on the Academic Achievements of Secondary School Students in Ilorin Local Government of Kwara State. Unpublished M.Ed Research Thesis; 2002.

Ani OE. The impact of instructional materials on students’ performance. Owerri: Alvan Publishers; 2006.

Cursor. The Factors responsible for low enrolment in Physics in Nigerian secondary schools with Particular Reference to Ogbomoso L.G.A. Unpublished B.S.C (ED.) Research Project Department of Curriculum Studies and Educational Technology(CSET). University of Ilorin, Ilorin; 1997.

Adeyanju. Teachers perception of the importance of use of learning Aids in Teaching proceedings of the 46th Annual Conference STAN. 1990;269-273.

Bozimo G. Social studies theories and perspective Onisha: Outright Publishers; 2002.

Ewudo O. Instructional materials. Impact on teachers. Annual conference organized by the Education department, Abia State University, Uturu; 2009.

Urom S. The place of instructional materials. Curriculum development Education and Development; 2010.

Eya PE. Introduction Materials Procedures in a challenge educational system, paper presented at the Annual conference organized by curium development and instructional materials centre (CUDMAS) university of Nigeria NSUKKA; 2004.

Onwuka U. Curriculum Development for Africa. Onitsha African Educational Publishers Ltd; 2001.

Hussain I, Rahmani SH. E-Learning in Pakistan: studyingthe practices for designing, developing and delivering instructional materials; In proceedings of the Cambridge International Conference on Open and Distance Learning; Supporting learning in the digital age: Rethinking Inclusion, Pedagogy and Quality; 2009.

Ikot AS. Effects of Instructional Materials Utilizaiton on Performance of Junior Secondary Students in Practical Agriculture in Ikot Abasi Local Government Area. Unpublished M.Sc. (ed) Thesis University of Uyo, Uyo; 2008.

Patterson CH. Foundations for a Theory of Instruction and Educational Psychology, Harper & Row; 1977.

Omosewo EO. Relative effects of planned post-laboratory discussion on students’ achievement in Physics. Journal of Educational Foundations. 1999;4(2):116-121.