Original Research Article

EFFECT OF GENDER DISCRIMINATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE: MEDIATING ROLE OF OCCUPATIONAL STRESS IN BANKING SECTOR EMPLOYEES IN SRI LANKA

U. N. DILRUKSHI, V. R. RANASINGHE

Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, Page 1-10

Nowadays discrimination among employees has become a major issue in many organizations. The current study assessed the impact of gender discrimination on employee performance and assessed the mediating role of occupational stress of executive-level employees in one of the public banks in the Ratnapura district, Sri Lanka. Simple random sampling was adopted to select the study sample. Further, the contact method of this research sample was digital, which means, questionnaires were sent for respondents via online platforms. It is found that there is a negative impact of gender discrimination on employee performance with mediating occupational stress. Founded positive relationships between the hiring gender discrimination, the promotion gender discrimination, and the wage gender discrimination with occupational stress, as well as a negative relationship between occupational stress and employee performance. The research, recommends to all HR managers to maintain gender equality within the organization, which in turn, will affect their performance.

Original Research Article

TURNOVER, COST EFFECTIVENESS OF INTRODUCING TRAINING POOL AND ITS IMPACT ON PROFITABILITY

BUSHRA AMEEN, MUHAMMAD ASIM, SHEIKH ABDUL KHALIQ

Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, Page 11-19

Purpose: Textile industry of Pakistan holds an exceptional value for the economy. It contributes 57% to the exports, 8 % in Gross Domestic Product and 40 % employment. Even though, its growth is deteriorating due to the tough competition in Global market, high cost of production, Energy shortages, Lack of proper infrastructure and state-of-the-art equipment. Employee’s turnover is the significant factor extremely hurting the industry.

Methodology: Research design included data collection, data measurement and data analysis of textile industry with approximately 7000-8000 employees from 2016-2018. It is conducted by administration of structured questionnaire and interviews of Human Resource Professionals and Supervisors of the worker Cadre.

Value: Research is evaluating the impact of dysfunctional turnover on production and performance of existing employees and the ways to dealt with it.

Findings: Employee’s turnover is the acute reason for growth decline. Study reveals that in 3 Years mean turnover is 10.83% which has significantly reduced the production (p=0.0001) & performance of existing workers (p=0.0001).

Implications: Technical trainings has improved the worker’s skills and significantly reduced the number of shipments returned due to quality issues (p=0.012). Hence Training & Development are the necessities to meet the production targets with required quality standards.

Original Research Article

SUSTAINABILITY MARKETING AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE OF QUOTED SMEs IN NIGERIA

AMADI, LAWRENCE, BARIDO TAMKA SAMUEL

Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, Page 20-32

This paper explored the relationship between sustainability marketing and economic performance of quoted SMEs in Nigeria. The study espoused the cross-sectional research design where data were acquired from managers of quoted SMEs in Nigeria. A well-thought-out questionnaire was used to obtain data from the respondents. The data acquired were analyzed statistically while the hypotheses were tested espousing the Spearman Rank Order Correlation Coefficient (SROCC). The bivariate analysis was done with the aid of SPSS. The findings signified that sustainability product development has a strong positive and substantial relationship with economic performance (profitability growth and market share growth) of quoted SMEs in Nigeria. The study also found a strong positive and substantial relationship amid sustainable packaging and economic performance (profitability growth and market share growth) of quoted SMEs in Nigeria. The study equally discovered a strong positive and substantial relationship amid sustainable distribution and economic performance (profitability growth and market share growth) of quoted SMEs in Nigeria. Based on these findings, it was concluded that sustainability marketing positively and substantially enhance the economic performance of quoted SMEs in Nigeria. The study therefore recommended that quoted SMEs in Nigeria especially those that are experiencing poor economic performance should espouse sustainability marketing strategy as it would enhance their economic performance.

Original Research Article

GLASS CEILING HINDRANCE AMONG ACADEMIC AND NON-ACADEMIC FEMALE EMPLOYEES IN UNIVERSITY ORGANISATION, NIGERIA

DAMILOLA JOHN MICAH

Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, Page 33-44

This study was conducted among 212 respondents to explore pattern of glass ceiling among female professionals in Federal University of Technology Akure (FUTA) and Adekunle Ajasin University Akungba (AAUA), Nigeria. Female employees in full-time employment participated in the study. Proportionately, 98 and 114 sample size in AAUA and FUTA respectively participated; quantitative data collection and analysis were applied. Sixty-five percent and 57.5% among academics and non academics respectively in AAUA agreed university occupation is male dominated; 73.9% and 73.7% among academics and non academics respectively in FUTA agreed with above statement. In AAUA, 13.8% academics and 22.5% non academics were appointed in strategic positions despite serving university labour force more than 15 years. In FUTA, 11.1% and 0.7% respectively were appointed in status positions. Respondents (53.4%) and 57.5% respectively in AAUA labeled male structure of university personnel as barrier to fair competition. Fifty-seven percent and 53.6% respectively in FUTA identified barriers to female personnel growth. Span of duty (22.6%); sexual demands (8.5%); work load (39.2%); and lack of male support (8.0%) hindered capacity of female employees in the universities to compete adequately. These barriers were identified among academics and non academics in both universities. Sixty-seven percent and 37.5% respectively in AAUA faulted promotion criteria which retarded female growth. Forty-four percent and 37.7% respectively in FUTA faulted similar pattern. Female employees in teaching and non teaching profession in the study organization were hindered by challenges woven round structure of male dominated occupation, the buffer-zone difficult to climb. Deconstruction of work-patriarchy woven round university occupation in AAUA and FUTA is essential. 

Original Research Article

EASE OF DOING BUSINESS (EODB): AN ANALYTICAL INVESTIGATION

VISHAL GARG, SIMMI VASHISHTHA

Journal of Global Economics, Management and Business Research, Page 45-55

India aims to be five trillion-dollar economy by 2024-25. A favourable ecosystem is essential for the growth and development of a nation. The government has taken up a series of reforms with a view to improve doing business climate in India. The basic plan of the paper is to review the current scenario of ease of doing business in India and comparative study of BRICS nations on ease of doing business parameters using secondary data. The study reported that there has been a significant improvement in the World Bank’s ease of doing business ranking of India from 133rd position in 2009 to 63rd position in 2019.  In comparison with New Zealand, which is the top performing economy in ease of doing business ranking, India lags behind on four parameters viz. starting a business, registering property, paying taxes, enforcing contracts. Among the BRICS nations, the most preferred destination for doing business in year 2020 is Russian Federation with overall doing business ranking of 28 whereas the least preferred nation is Brazil with rank of 124.  The government needs to undertake reforms focussing on more flexible labour laws, enhancing the access to low-cost capital, uninterrupted power supply, easy entry and exit to businesses so that the ranking of country can be further improved.