COVID 19 LOCKDOWN AND THE DIVERSITY OF REPTILES, BIRDS AND MAMMALS: A HOME POINT STUDY FROM BANKURA MUNICIPALITY, WEST BENGAL

Main Article Content

ANINDITA BAR

Abstract

Reptiles, birds and mammals are the natural gene pool which contributes to the biodiversity of an area. The current study is aimed to prepare a baseline checklist of reptiles, birds, and mammal’s species from the home point. The COVID 19 lockdown situation provides a great opportunity to design such study. The lower level of water and air pollution, decrease in human interference gives a breathing space for wild life. The study was conducted for a period of six months (from May to October, 2020), which includes pre monsoon, monsoon and post monsoon periods. From this study 71 species of birds from 35 families was documented. Among them insectivorous is the largest group (36.6%). According to the residential status of the birds 83% are residential birds, 8.5% are local migrants and rest 8.5 % are winter migrants. This study has also identifies 9 wild mammals species of 7 families. 10 reptile species of 6 families were observed and among them two are deadly poisonous (Common krait, Indian cobra). A rapid urbanization and construction is now become a threat for these birds and animals. More environmental awareness, plantation of more fruiting plants is needed to maintain the biodiversity of this area.  

Keywords:
Pandemic, SARS-COV 2, biodiversity, environmental pollution, snakes

Article Details

How to Cite
BAR, A. (2021). COVID 19 LOCKDOWN AND THE DIVERSITY OF REPTILES, BIRDS AND MAMMALS: A HOME POINT STUDY FROM BANKURA MUNICIPALITY, WEST BENGAL. Asian Journal of Current Research, 6(1), 29-37. Retrieved from https://ikpresse.com/index.php/AJOCR/article/view/6373
Section
Original Research Article

References

Manenti R, Mori E, Di Canio V, Mercurio S, Picone M, Caffi M, et al. The good, the bad and the ugly of COVID-19 lockdown effects on wildlife conservation: Insights from the first European locked down country. Biological Conservation. 2020;249: 108728.

Bar H. COVID-19 lockdown: Animal life, ecosystem and atmospheric environment. Environment, Development and Sustainability. 2020;1-18.

Arora S, Bhaukhandi KD, Mishra PK. Coronavirus lockdown helped the environment to bounce back. Science of the Total Environment. 2020;140573.

Helm D. The environmental impacts of the coronavirus. Environmental and Resource Economics. 2020;76:21-38.

Rupani PF, Nilashi M, Abumalloh RA, Asadi S, Samad S, Wang S. Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) and its natural environmental impacts. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. 2020;1-12.

Abd Rabou AFN. How Is the COVID-19 Outbreak Affecting Wildlife around the World?. Open Journal of Ecology. 2020;10(8).

Chaudhary B. Home Point Study of birds and mammals diversity allied to humans in lockdown of COVID-19 at Bharatpur, Chitwan, Nepal. Open Journal of Ecology. 2020;10(09):612.

Pramanik AK, Santra KB, Manna CK. Abundance and diversity of plants and animals in the Kulik bird sanctuary, Raiganj, West Bengal, India. Journal of Biodiversity. 2010;1(1):13-17.

Hossain A, Aditya G. Avian diversity in agricultural landscape: records from Burdwan, West Bengal, India. In Proceedings of the Zoological Society. Springer India. 2016;69(1):38-51.

District survey report of Bankura district. As per notification no. S.O. 3611 (E) New Delhi. Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate change (MoEFCC); 2018.

Raha S, Gayen SK. Simulation of meteorological drought using exponential smoothing models: A study on Bankura District, West Bengal, India. SN Applied Sciences. 2020;2(5):1-24.

Lopes LE, Fernandes AM, Medeiros MC, Marini MÂ. A classification scheme for avian diet types. Journal of Field Ornithology. 2016;87(3):309-322.

Dubey SK, Chakraborty DC, Sandipan G, Mahashweta M, Ranita B, Neogy AB. Avian diversity in the Jaldapara National Park, West Bengal, India with a notes on their habitat association and feeding guild. Indian Forester. 2015;141(10):1092-1101.

Roy MB, Chatterjee B, Mukherjee TRISHA, Roy PK. Environmental threat to wetland bio-diversity of migratory bird: a case study of peri-urban area of West Bengal. Asian Journal of Current Research. 2016;1(1):30-38.

Mistry J. Avifaunal diversity in and around Berhampore, Murshidabad district, West Bengal, India. International Journal of Fauna and Biological Studies. 2015;2(4):06-10.

Padmavathy A, Alexandar R, Anbarashan M. Diversity of birds in ousteri wetland, Puducherry, India. Our Nature. 2010;8(1):247-253.

Mallick JK. An updated checklist of the mammals of West Bengal. Journal on New Biological Report. 2019;8(2):37-123.

Chakraborty S, Chatterjee S, Das K, Roy U. Changing pattern of urbanization in West Bengal: An analysis of 2011 census of India data. Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities. 2015;5(5):169-181.