CRISPR/CAS9 FOR CROP IMPROVEMENT

Main Article Content

ATTIFA FATEH
NIMRA IDRESS
AYSHA SIDDIQUE
FATIMA YASEEN
NIMRA AFZAL
ASANFA ARIF
QURBAN ALI
ARIF MALIK

Abstract

Genome sequence of detection for fewer infertility and development in the genome variable methods has opened up the incredible effects of elevating characteristics of the organisms. Pathway to new genome mutations, for example zinc finger nucleases (ZFNAS), transcription activator-like effectors nucleases (TALENS) records have made it easier molecular experts to focus more on any quality of interest. However, these processes are expensive and tedious as they add difficult steps that require protein synthesis. Not at all like the instruments that change things, modifications of CRISPR/ cas9 type includes basic planning techniques and integration strategies, with the same Cas9 has been found clearly assessable for use by various targeted RNAs at various locations in the genome. After confirmation of the concept show in production plants including the critical CRISPR/Cas9 module several Cas9 proteins types have been modified which are being used in production plants to improve quality and yield (e.g Nmcas9, SaCas9 Snd stCas9). The study summarizes the sum of the most accessible methods investing biotechnologists to achieve plant development using CRISPR/Cas9 based genome modification devices and further introduces the experiments in which CRISPR/Cas9 was used in improving the tolerance for biotic and abiotic stress. The use of these methods leads to in the development of non transgenic or non-modified plants with appropriate potential that can add to the potential expansion under biotic and abiotic stress conditions.

 

Keywords:
CRISPR, TALEN, quantitative traits loci, biotic stress, abiotic stress.

Article Details

How to Cite
FATEH, A., IDRESS, N., SIDDIQUE, A., YASEEN, F., AFZAL, N., ARIF, A., ALI, Q., & MALIK, A. (2021). CRISPR/CAS9 FOR CROP IMPROVEMENT. PLANT CELL BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MOLECULAR BIOLOGY, 22(13-14), 166-178. Retrieved from http://ikpresse.com/index.php/PCBMB/article/view/6023
Section
Review Article

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