Main Article Content
Our experimentation mainly consists of evaluating the effectiveness of the herbicides used(Mustang 360 SE, Zoom WG, Topik 80 EC, Grand star 75 DF, Brumby 80 Ec, Axial 045 EC et Hussar evolution EC) on weed flora and to know the best herbicide that can give good yields. This experimental study was carried out during the agricultural years 2018-2019 and 2019-2020 on the site of the Experimental Station Agricultural of the Technical Institute of Field Crops (SEA-ITGC) of Sétif. This study allows identifying 28 weed species in bread wheat, barley, and durum wheat.The obtained results showed that Calendula arvensis L., Sonchus oleraceus L., Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn., Ranunculus arvensis L. et Papaver rhoeas L. were among the most important annual dicotyledon weeds in each of the cereals. and Hordeummurinum L., Avena sterilis L., Bromus rigidus Roth., Lolium multiflrum Lamk. and Phalaris paradoxal L. were among the most important monocotyledon species. Herbicide application at the early tillage stage of crops reduced the dry weight of broadleaf weeds by 60% to 90% and of monocot weeds by 55% to 85%. Early chemical weed control of non-irrigated cereals in arid and semi-arid regions is necessary to increase grain and straw yields.
Cadi A. Characterization of potential cereal areas across the North of Algeria. ITGC, Cereals. 2005;44:36-39.
Fenni M. Study of weeds of winter cereals Constantine high plains, ecology, dynamics, phenology and biology of bromine, Doc. Thesis, Biol. Inst. University of Setif; 2003.
Lebazda R, Fenni M, Hani M, Boukhebti H. A survey of weed seed production in vegetable crops of Setifian high plateau. Advances in Environmental Biology. 2016;10(11):131-136.
Gardarin A, Dürr C, Colbach N. Prediction of germination rates of weed species: Relationships between germination speed parameters and species traits. Ecological Modeling. 2011;222:626-636.
Debaeke Ph. Dynamique de quelques dicotylédones adventices en culture de céréales, I. Relations flore levée, stock semencier. Weed Res.1998;28:251-257.
Fenni M. Election to the tillage tool and the date of plowing, Dep. Agronomy, in: International Congress on Agricultural Mechanization. 2005;123-127.
Hani M, Fenni M, Bouharati S. Fuzzy inference system for identification of cereals weeds seeds. Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering. 2011;5:1337-1342.
Llewellyn RS, Ronning D, Ouzman J, Walker S, Mayfield A,Clarke M. Impact of Weeds on Australian Grain Production: the cost of weeds to Australian grain growers and the adoption of weed management and tillage practices. Report for GRDC. CSIRO, Australia; 2016.
Hani M, Fenni M, Lebazda R. Identification of weed seeds of some species belong to Asteraceae in Setifian high plateau. Advances in Environmental Biology. 2017;11(2):60-65.
Duary B. Weed prevention for quality seed production of crops. Annual Technical. 2014;18:48-57.
Barralis G, Chadoeuf R. Study of the dynamics of an adventitious community. I: Evolution of the weed flora during the vegetative cycle of a crop. Weed Res. 1980;20:213-282.
Zargar M, Pakina E, Romanova V. Herbicide doses and application times in weed suppression on different red bean varieties. APCBEE Procedia. 2014;8:75-81.
Bounechada M, Fenni M. The alticinae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae) of the region of Setif: A means of biological control against weeds of crops. Agriculture. 2012;3:37-41.
Aibar J. Weed control for no-till cereals: Main issues. In: Arrue Ugarte J.L. (ed.), Cantero-Martínez C. (ed.). Third Mediterranean meetings of direct sowing. Zaragoza: CIHEAM, (Mediterranean Options: Series A. Mediterranean Seminars; n. 69). 2006;19-26.
Brzozowska I, Brzozowski J. Effectiveness of weed control and the yield of winter triticle depending on the tending method and nitrogen fertilization.Acta Sci. Pol., Agricultura. 2011;10(4):25-33
Knežević M, Đurkić M, Knežević I, Antonić O, Jelaska S. Effects of tillage and reduced herbicide doses on weed biomass production in winter and spring cereals Plant soil environment. 2003;49(9):414–421
Hajjaji B, Bouhache M, Mrabet R, Talbi A, Douaik A. Efficacy of some cereal herbicides in a common wheat crop grown in direct sowing Rev. Mar. Sci. Agron. Vet. 2016;4(3):48-56.
Tanji A, El Mejahed K. Weeds and their control in rain-fed autumn cereals in the northern part of the radla perimeter. Al awamia. 2004;1(2):93-108.
Travlos I, Apostolidis V. Efficacy of the Herbicide Lancelot 450 WG (Aminopyralid + Florasulam) on Broadleaf and Invasive Weeds and Effects on Yield and Quality Parameters of Maize. Agriculture. 2017; 7(82):1-7.
Tanji A. Synthesis of 25 chemical weed control trials on non-irrigated barley in Morocco between 1975 and 2000. AI Awamia. 2000;10(1):91-100.
Rsaissi N. Effectiveness of some new herbicide molecules on dicotyledonous weeds associated with cereals. in Proceedings of the National Day on Cereal Weeding, Moroccan Association of Weedweed, Settat. 2000;99-107.
Tanji A, El Brahli A, Regehr D. L. Effects of weeds and seeding dates on wheat production in semi-arid zones of Morocco. International Wheat Conference, Rabat. 1986;1-10.
Hajjaj B. Late weeding of cereals, one year of weeds generates 7 years of weeding. Maghreb Agriculture. 2010;62-80.
Bouhache M. Weeding of fall cereals: Directions for use of anti-grass herbicides. Agriculture of the Maghreb. 2008;32:66-72.
Bouhache M, Rzozi SB, Taleb A, Sakhi M. Need for early weeding of cereals for the valuation of inputs. Proc. National Day on Cereal Weeding, Settat. 2000;93-98.