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The Past few decades have witnessed a remarkable contribution by the nanotechnological applications in agriculture and food production. Sustaining such potentials, nanotechnology has been proven to create and unfurl the opportunities in the sectors of molecular and cell biology, along with technology such as biosensing and micro or nano-based technology for the proper detection and identification of several cellular signals and others. The review aims to provide a brief overview of nanotechnological approaches with the highlights on the nanofertilizers, nanosensors, nanopesticides, and nanoparticles for food and plant disease, nanolaminates. The utilization of nanofertilizers and nanopesticides delivers a targeted and controlled release capacity which in contrast to the traditional methods depicts a higher efficiency. This efficiency along with its outcome is influenced by its properties and chemical interactions which further shows great potential in the controlling plant pests and its growth. The produces gained from the applicability of nanotechnology in the agricultural and food practices could bring the producers and the manufacturers on a more competitive position and benefit almost everyone through the new methods which will be incorporated to enrich the nutritional quality and food safety. Additionally, in the novel agricultural systems along with food security and packaging, the adroit applicability of the nanosensors have been observed. Easy identification and determination of the toxins, disease-causing agents, and other elements in the food and environmental samples were made possible with its cost-effectiveness. Even though the public understanding of nanotechnology is limited, it is still doing wonders in terms of its long-run benefits and its acceptance is dependent upon how it is introduced into the market.
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